The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, purple, and white. Bee balm plants are perennial, coming back year after year to add cheerful color to your garden.
How long does it take bee balm to flower?
Quick Reference Growing Guide
|Plant Type:||Herbaceous perennial||Red, pink, light to dark purple|
|Bloom Time / Season:||Summer||Average|
|Exposure:||Full sun to partial shade||6.0-7.0|
|Time to Maturity:||110-120 days||Well-draining|
|Spacing:||18-24 inches||Bees, butterflies, hummingbirds|
How do I identify bee balm?
How to Identify Bee Balm – YouTube
What do bee balm flower seeds look like?
Bee balm seeds are small, brown and smooth, but not as small as some other very tiny seeds that may fly away before you can get them into the soil.
Does bee balm bloom the first year from seed?
Mulch to conserve moisture. If you are growing bee balm from seed, start seeds indoors under lights 8-10 weeks before your average last frost date. Harden off your seedlings and transplant to your garden after all danger of frost is past. Perennial plants started from seeds will bloom the second year.
Does bee balm keep blooming?
Bee balm is a perennial plant in the herb family. It’s bloom time begins in July and it will continue to bloom until late summer if it is regularly deadheaded. … When you deadhead the plant, the nutrients, energy, and strength used to make new seeds generates into making more flowers instead.
Why is my bee balm not flowering?
Reasons Bee Balm Doesn’t Bloom
The most common problem is a lack of sun. Bee balm thrives in full sun, and most varieties need 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day in order to bloom well. … Another common problem with bee balm is improper water or humidity.
What does wild bee balm look like?
Also known by its botanical name of Monarda, bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, purple, and white.
What color is wild bee balm?
Grey-green toothed foliage. Provide good air circulation, and deadhead flowers to promote more blooms.
Can you eat wild bee balm?
Bee balm (Monarda) is a flowering perennial plant in the mint family. … All above ground parts of the plant are edible. The leaves and flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. Bee balm has a minty taste and a flavor similar to oregano.
Does bee balm like sun or shade?
Bee balm tolerates partial sun, but you’ll get fewer flowers. Space monarda plants 18 to 24 inches apart in organically rich soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.7 that drains easily. Bee balm needs good air circulation to help prevent powdery mildew, a common fungal disease.
How does bee balm propagation?
If you ask me, the easiest way to propagate bee balm is through division. This involves digging up and transplanting the roots and rhizomes. You can also propagate Monarda from seeds, or start new plants from stem cuttings that you can root and then transplant.
Where are seeds located on bee balm?
Your plants may not produce seeds because they are sterile hybrids. The easiest way to collect the seed is to allow the flowers to mature and dry out on the plant. Then cut the flowers leaving as little stem as possible and put them inside a brown paper bag. The seed will collect at the bottom.
How does bee balm multiply?
Bee balm propagates by rhizomes, or runners, that spread under the ground to produce new shoots. As these shoots multiply, the mother plant in the center will eventually die off over the course of a couple years. This means your bee balm will eventually be far from where you planted it.
Does bee balm attract hummingbirds?
Keep the soil surrounding bee balm moist but not soggy. This perennial plant produces vivid cardinal-colored flowers in the summer months. The bright red color of the flowers and the sweet nectar they contain attract hummingbirds in droves.
What’s eating my bee balm leaves?
Spider mites: They suck out a garden bee balm’s fluids through its foliage. This eventually leads to the loss of leaves. If you notice them, applying insecticide soap should help protect your flowers. Aphids: Not only do they suck on the leaves, but they also emit honeydew onto them.
What grows well with bee balm?
Companion Planting and Design
Bee balm is a perfect cottage garden plant. I like to let it ramble though a perennial flower border next to tall garden phlox, rudbeckia, roses, and peonies.
How fast does bee balm spread?
Bee balms spread rapidly via underground stems or stolons. In addition, the centers of the clumps often die out within a few years. To control their spread and rejuvenate the plants, it’s usually necessary to dig and divide bee balms every 2 to 3 years. Early spring is the best time to dig and divide bee balms.
How often should you water bee balm?
Bee balms like an even supply of moisture during the growing season. For best performance, water bee balms every 7 to 10 days during dry periods. When watering, soak the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches.
Can bee balm be grown in pots?
Planting Bee Balm in Pots
Bee balm grows anywhere from 2-4 feet tall, with petite varieties growing 10-15 inches tall. With its height and spreading characteristic, a 5-10 gallon pot is needed. Be sure that the pot is crack proof, weather resistant, and has good drainage holes.
Why are the leaves on my bee balm turning yellow?
Wet soils, heavy rains and powdery mildew can result in yellowing foliage. Cool wet soils can limit a plants ability to take up needed nutrients. In addition, heavy rains can leach (wash) the nitrogen through the soil. … Try fertilizing plants with yellow or pale green leaves in early August.
How do you trim bee balm?
Deadheading Bee Balm – YouTube
How do you keep bee balm from falling over?
Use clean, sharp scissors or shears to cut them back by about 3 to 6 inches when the flower buds are just beginning to form during the spring. It makes taller, more top-heavy bee balms easier to manage and less likely to fall over due to excessive bulk.
Is bee balm poisonous to dogs?
Bee Balm is a non-toxic plant that is safe for dogs and will add a beautiful aroma to your garden. Bee Balm comes in shades of pink, purple, red, and white.
What is the difference between wild bergamot and bee balm?
Botanical Profile of Bergamot (Herb)
Bee balm belongs to the Lamiaceae plant family and shares more characteristics in common with its fellow plant family members – such as peppermint, lavender, and sage – than that of its fruity namesake bergamot. Bee balm is a herb native to the woodlands of North America.
Are bee balm and wild bergamot the same?
One of the loveliest of the flowering herbs, Bee Balm (also known as Bergamot), is a great attractor for hummingbirds and bees. Known also as beebread plant, Oswego tea, horsemint, and simply monarda, its leaves have a strong fragrance reminiscent of the bergamot orange.
Does bee balm have purple leaves?
A perennial favorite native to North America, bee balm (also called wild bergamot) is beloved in flower beds for its beautiful blooms of red, pink, purple or white—not to mention the fragrant foliage.
What does bee balm smell like?
Stems are square shaped like other mints, and the leaves are pointed lancets, which grow in opposite pairs. They grow to about 3 feet tall. When you rub the leaves or flowers, they smell like a cross between mint and oregano. Some varieties give off lemony scents.
What do you do with bee balm after it blooms?
As your flowers start to fade, you should deadhead bee balm just above the next flower bud to encourage further flowering. Once a stem has finished flowering, trim it back down to the ground or pinch it off. This will encourage the plant to send up another blossoming stem.
What does bee balm good for?
Bee balm is antimicrobial and soothing, so it’s often used to treat colds and flu. It also has a soothing effect on the digestive tract and helps to treat indigestion, bloating and nausea.
How big does Beebalm grow?
Growth Habit: Bee balm can grow up to 4 ft tall with a spread of 3-4 ft, but dwarf varieties top out at just 15 inches, with a spread of 18-24 inches.
How deep do bee balm roots grow?
Bee Balm | Genus: Monarda
|Root depth||Shallow: bulk of roots are just 2 to 3 inches deep with some very fine roots reaching a few inches deeper. Total 6-inches.|
|Light||Sun to part sun|
|Soil||Moist, well-drained soil, does not like to dry out|
|Flower times||Summer | can deadhead or cutback after flowering|
Can I grow bee balm from a cutting?
Take cuttings of new bee balm growth from the tips of the stems in late spring. Cut tips no more than 6 inches (15 cm.) … Once the bee balm cuttings root, remove the bag and repot the cuttings in potting soil. Place them in a sunny window and keep the soil lightly moist until you are ready to transplant outdoors.
How do you collect seeds from bee balm?
How to Save Bee Balm Seeds (Monarda) – YouTube
How long do bee balm seeds last?
7 – Store the seeds
Once completely dry, Bee Balm seeds can be stored for several years in a zip-lock bag or paper envelope. Store Bee Balm seeds in a cool dry place and never in a musty basement or in sunlight.
Do birds eat bee balm seeds?
But birds don’t only enjoy Bee Balm in summer.
The nutlet is a large, hard-shelled seed that forms when the flowers turn into seed. The nutlet attracts finches, sparrows, juncos, redpolls, among other species.
Can you transplant bee balm?
You can divide and transplant your bee balm either after it finishes flowering, or wait until next spring when the emerging shoots are 4 to 6 inches tall. In either case, dig up the entire clump and separate it into equal chunks.