Kapa haka – traditional Māori performing arts – forms a powerful and highly visual part of the New Zealand cultural experience. Kapa haka is the term for Māori performing arts, kapa means to form a line, and haka to dance. Kapa haka involves an emotional and powerful combination of song, dance and chanting.
What is the purpose of kapa haka?
Kapa haka is the term for Māori action songs and the groups who perform them. It literally means ‘group’ (kapa) and ‘dance’ (haka). Kapa haka is an important avenue for Māori people to express and showcase their heritage and cultural Polynesian identity through song and dance.
What is the difference between kapa haka and haka?
Kapa haka is the term for Māori performing arts and literally means to form a line (kapa) and dance (haka). It involves an emotional and powerful combination of song, dance and chanting. Kapa haka is performed by cultural groups on marae, at schools, and during special events and festivals.
What is kapa haka in Māori?
Kapa haka means traditional Māori dances performed by a group standing in rows. Tribes’ reputations were based on their ability to perform haka (dances) and the expertise of the haka leader. There are many different types of haka, appropriate for different occasions.
What does the haka mean to New Zealand?
Passion and pride, Rotorua. The haka is a ceremonial Māori war dance or challenge. Haka are usually performed in a group and represent a display of a tribe’s pride, strength and unity. Actions include the stomping of the foot, the protrusion of the tongue and rhythmic body slapping to accompany a loud chant.
Why do the Māori stick out their tongues?
Traditionally it is meant to welcome visitors, but also to (again) demonstrate their power and readiness to fight should the visitors decide to attack. One of the typical moves in a Haka is for the males to stick their tongue out and bulge their eyes.
What does Kapa mean in Māori?
1. (noun) team, group, company of people.
What is a Whaikorero?
/ (fɑːiːˈkɒrɛrɒ) / noun NZ. the art of formal speech-making. a formal speech.
What is the leader of a haka called?
The Origin of Ka Mate. It is said that circa 1820 a chief by the name of Te Rauparaha composed Ka Mate, the most well known of all haka.
Where did waiata tira come from?
Around the turn of the 20th century in New Zealand, waiata ā ringa (action songs), found their place in traditional kapa haka. These action songs, which are different to the original haka waiata, were birthed by a combination of European tunes and Polynesian actions with an underlying Māori narrative.
Why do Māori open their eyes?
Pūkana (facial expressions) are an important facet of Kapa haka. A pukana helps to emphasise a point in a song or haka and demonstrate the performer’s ferocity or passion. For women, pūkana involves opening their eyes wide and jutting out their chin.
What are the different types of haka?
Jackson and Hokowhitu state, “haka is the generic name for all types of dance or ceremonial performance that involve movement.” The various types of haka include whakatū waewae, tūtū ngārahu and peruperu. The tūtū ngārahu involves jumping from side to side, while in the whakatū waewae no jumping occurs.
What is a POI Māori?
“POI” is the Maori word for “ball” on a cord. Many years ago the indigenous Maori people of New Zealand used it to increase their flexibility and strength in their hands and arms as well as improving coordination.
Why is haka so emotional?
It is an ancestral war cry. It was performed on the battlefields for two reasons. Firstly, it was done to scare their opponents, the warriors would use aggressive facial expressions such as bulging eyes and poking of their tongues. They would grunt and cry in an intimidating way, while beating and waving their weapons.
Is it disrespectful to do the haka?
The use of the haka outside of New Zealand is controversial, as it can be considered culturally insensitive or offensive.
Do Hawaiians do the haka?
Hawaii’s tradition of trademark haka performances continue to thrill both locals and visitors. And though the haka is not a native Hawaiian ritual, it has made a home in Hawaiian culture today. As the crowds fill Aloha Stadium on game day, a silence rolls across the fans in wait. Several players take to the field.
What is Moko Kauae?
Moko kauae – are received by women on their lips and chin. A moko kauae represents a woman’s whānau and leadership within her community, recognising her whakapapa, status, and abilities. It is a traditional taonga passed down over many generations from the ancestress Niwareka.
Why do Māori pull faces?
The aggressive facial expressions were meant to scare the opponents, while the cry itself was to lift their own morale and call on God for help to win. Modern examples of occasions for haka include birthdays, weddings, funerals and other celebratory events. It is also sometimes used as a symbol of tribal identity.
What does Kia Ora means?
In its simplest form, kia ora means hello. However, ‘kia ora’ is more than just hello because it references life and health. These two words signify more than just a passing greeting. In its literal sense, ‘ora’ refers to a state of living, or being alive.
Where was kapa haka invented?
Haka has its origins in Maori legend. The sun god Tama-nui-te-ra and one of his wives, Hine-raumati, who embodies the essence of summer, had a son named Tane-rore.
What is kapa haka quizlet?
The non-competitive introductory piece. A good way to settle the nerves. Involves harmonised singing as Missionaries introduced this as an alternative to what they thought were extremely barbaric chants performed by Maori. You just studied 8 terms! 1/8.
What is the meaning of kapa in English?
1. the inner bark of the paper mulberry. 2. a paper-like cloth made from this in the Pacific islands. Collins English Dictionary.
What is a Tauparapara?
A tauparapara is the first utterance by an opening speaker. It is a tribal poetic chant containing traditional or philosophical statements that usually contain genealogical references (Rewi, 2004), or links to whakapapa.
What are the 7 steps of a pōwhiri?
Pōwhiri usually consists of the following stages:
- Karanga (call) This is the first and unique call of welcome in the pōwhiri. …
- Whaikōrero (speeches) Formal speech making follows the karanga. …
- Waiata (song) …
- Koha (gift) …
- Harirū (shaking hands) …
- Kai (food)
What is a Hura Kohatu?
Hura kōhatu – Unveiling the headstone. Planning and carrying out hura kōhatu (unveiling the headstone) can be very comforting for grieving whānau. Choosing a headstone and the correct words to write on a headstone is an important opportunity to whakamana (to give prestige to) the spirit of the deceased.
What do they say during haka?
He hid in a kumara pit. It was here that he was said to utter the words “Ka mate, ka mate, ka ora, ka ora”, continuing to compose the lyrics to the Ka Mate haka until his pursuers never found him and when Te Rauparaha emerged from the pit and was befriended by the tribe at Opotaka.
Why was Moteatea composed?
Mōteatea were composed for many purposes and reasons, and their composers were great poets. Chiefs and leaders were often composers who used music as an important way to communicate ideas. Traditional composers sometimes composed chants to call on gods or spirits.
Is Lorde a Māori?
Lorde is not Maori, but she said in a statement that much of her value system comes from traditional Maori principles.
Where is matatini 2021?
“The festival will remain in Tāmaki Makaurau because the advice from Māori health experts, and predictions of the current vaccination rates across DHBs show that Tāmaki is predicted to be the most vaccinated rohe in Aotearoa,” he said.
What does the Wiri represent?
Wiri- quivering of the hands to signify the shimmer of heat, and to others it represents the sparkling of the waters as the sun dances across the waves.
Who is the Atua of kapa haka?
Tānerore is the son of Tamanuiterā (the sun god) and Hineraumati (the summer maid) and is credited with the origin of haka. The dance of Tānerore is the shimmering, rising, trembling air as seen on a very hot day.
Why do the All Black do the haka?
The All Blacks are believed to have first performed a choreographed and synchronized version of the “Ka Mate” haka in 1905. It is said that this Haka was composed by Te Rauparaha of Ngāti Toa to commemorate his escape from death during an incident in 1810.
What is a wedding haka?
A haka – with its shouting, body-slapping and exaggerated facial expressions – is used in traditional Maori culture as a war cry to intimidate the enemy, but also to welcome special guests and at celebrations. The video was filmed at the couple’s wedding reception in Auckland last week.
What is the most popular haka?
The most famous haka is “Ka Mate,” composed about 1820 by the Maori chief Te Rauparaha. It became known to the world at large when, in the early 20th century, it was incorporated into the pregame ritual of New Zealand’s national rugby union team, the All Blacks.
Are there multiple Hakas?
There are 3 main haka that are war dances. … Most people think that the haka is a war dance, but there are different kinds of haka. Most haka we see today are performed without weapons. The most common haka is haka taparahi.
How many haka versions are there?
Historically, war dances have been divided into two types. The haka peruperu is performed with weapons in hand. The haka taparahi, the dance most visitors see, is an unarmed version.
What is double long poi?
New Zealand, Maori women perform the ‘double long poi’A group of Maori women perform the ‘double long poi’, a form of juggling using balls attached to ropes. They wear traditional Maori dress including ‘piupius’ (woven flax skirts) and ‘tipares’ (headbands).
What does Te poi mean?
A contraction of Te Poipoitangi, te: the, poipoi: a ball of flax stuffed with rapou down, used in dances, tangi: to lament.
What are poi balls used for?
The art of poi spinning requires the use of poi balls. These are objects that serve as the head of the Poi, transferring their weight, as they are attached to ropes and spun.
Do Samoan do the haka?
However, only the New Zealand team performs the “haka”, the Samoan team performs the Siva Tau, Tonga the Sipi Tau, and Fiji the Cibi.
Are all Hakas the same?
The haka has been performed by New Zealand’s rugby teams since 1888. … There are different forms of haka. The All Blacks performed the same haka – Ka mate, Ka mate – from 1888 to 2006. Ka Mate!
What do haka dancers wear?
In the All Blacks’ haka, note how the rugby players show strength by grimacing, slapping their arms, and bending their knees deeply. Together their voices and movements create a challenging performance. On the marae, the dancers are wearing practice clothes, such as T-shirts, shorts, and sneakers.