What kind of map projection is the robinson?

The Robinson projection is a map projection of a world map which shows the entire world at once. It was specifically created in an attempt to find a good compromise to the problem of readily showing the whole globe as a flat image.

What type of projection is the Robinson?

Robinson is a pseudocylindric projection. The meridians are regularly distributed curves mimicking elliptical arcs. They are concave toward the central meridian and do not intersect the parallels at right angles. The parallels are unequally distributed straight lines.

Is the Robinson projection map conformal?

The Robinson projection is neither conformal nor equal-area. It generally distorts shapes, areas, distances, directions, and angles. The distortion patterns are similar to common compromise pseudocylindrical projections. … Angular distortion is moderate near the center of the map and increases toward the edges.

Who uses the Robinson map projection?

The details of the projection’s construction were released 11 years after the map projection was devised. The National Geographic Society used the Robinson Map Projection between 1988 and 1998, after which it adopted the Winkel tripel projection.

What are Robinson and Mercator projections?

The Robinson Projection is closer to what the world actually looks like. The Mercator Projection minimizes or makes smaller the areas of the Earth closer to the Equator, whereas the Robinson Projection is a lot closer to reality. The Mercator Projection is less accurate the further form the Equator you get.

What is a Lambert map projection?

Description. The Lambert conformal conic map projection is typically based on two standard parallels, but it can also be defined with a single standard parallel and a scale factor. It is best suited for conformal mapping of land masses extending in an east-to-west orientation at mid-latitudes.

Why was the Robinson projection map made?

The Robinson projection is a map projection of a world map which shows the entire world at once. It was specifically created in an attempt to find a good compromise to the problem of readily showing the whole globe as a flat image.

What are the types of map projection?


Projection Type Key virtues
Lambert Conformal Conic conic conformal
Mercator cylindrical conformal and true direction
Robinson pseudo-cylindrical all attributes are distorted to create a ‘more pleasant’ appearance
Transverse Mercator cylindrical conformal

What is the best projection for a world map?

AuthaGraph. This is hands-down the most accurate map projection in existence. In fact, AuthaGraph World Map is so proportionally perfect, it magically folds it into a three-dimensional globe. Japanese architect Hajime Narukawa invented this projection in 1999 by equally dividing a spherical surface into 96 triangles.

What are the 4 main types of map projections?

4 main types of map projections are:

  • Azimuthal projection.
  • Conic projection.
  • Cylindrical projection.
  • Conventional projection or Mathematical projection.

What are the pros and cons of the Robinson projection?

Advantage: The Robinson map projection shows most distances, sizes and shapes accurately. Disadvantage: The Robinson map does have some distortion around the poles and edges. Who uses it? The Robinson is most commonly used by students, teachers, textbooks and atlases.

Why do many geographers prefer the Robinson projection?

Geographers prefer the Robinson Projection because it shows the size and shape of most of the land quite accurately. The sizes of the oceans and and distances were also very accurate.

Why is the Robinson projection better than the Mercator?

Robinson makes the world “look right”. Better balance of size and shape of high-latitude lands than in Mercator. Russia, Canada, and Greenland truer to size, but Greenland compressed. Directions true along all parallels and along central meridian.

What type of map projection is Mercator?

Mercator is a conformal map projection. Directions, angles, and shapes are maintained at infinitesimal scale. Any straight line drawn on this projection represents an actual compass bearing. These true direction lines are rhumb lines and generally do not describe the shortest distance between points.

What are the 3 main map projections?

Certain map projections, or ways of displaying the Earth in the most accurate ways by scale, are more well-known and used than other kinds. Three of these common types of map projections are cylindrical, conic, and azimuthal.

Is Lambert Conformal Conic tangent or secant?

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection

It uses a conic developable surface secant at two standard parallels, usually at 33° and 45° to minimize distortion.

Is the Africa Lambert Conformal Conic projection a tangent or a secant projection?

Conic projection normally based on two standard parallels, making it a secant projection.

What are types of conical projection?

Four well-known normal conical projections are the Lambert conformal conic projection, the simple conic projection, the Albers equal-area projection and the Polyconic projection. They give useful maps of mid-latitudes for countries which have no great extent in latitude.

What is a projection in AP Human Geography?

Projection. the process which the 3-D surface of Earth is transferred onto a 2D map. Proportional Symbols Map. size of the chosen symbol (ex: circle, triangle, flow line) indicates relative magnitude of some value for a certain region. Robinson Projection.

Why are there different types of map projections?

We have many different map projections because each has different patterns of distortion—there is more than one way to flatten an orange peel. Some projections can even preserve certain features of the Earth without distorting them, though they can’t preserve everything.

What are the 5 map projections?

Top 5 different world map projections

  • The Mercator Projection. The Mercator world map projection. …
  • The Mollweide Projection. The Mollweide world map projection. …
  • The Peters Projection. The Peters world map projection. …
  • The Winkel Tripel Projection. The Winkel Tripel world map projection. …
  • The Robinson Projection.

What are the 3 types of maps?

Types of Maps

  • General Reference (sometimes called planimetric maps)
  • Topographic Maps.
  • Thematic.
  • Navigation Charts.
  • Cadastral Maps and Plans.

Which projection is most widely used?

The most popular version is the Mercator projection, created by Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569. It’s been widely used for centuries, including today in various forms by Google Maps and many other online services.

What is the most accurate type of map?

View the world in correct proportions with this map. You may not know this, but the world map you’ve been using since, say, kindergarten, is pretty wonky. The Mercator projection map is the most popular, but it is also riddled with inaccuracies.

Which map projection type is best for geographic research and display?

Mercator map projection type is the best to use for geographic research and display.

What is conventional projection?

Conventional projections are pure-mathematical constructions designed to map the entire sphere with minimal distortion. The Euler angles for constructing oblique forms of these projections are specified in the same way as for the cylindrical projections, i.e. as. ( , , ) = ( – 90o, , – 90o).

Which map is an interrupted projection?

Goode homolosine is an equal-area pseudocylindrical projection for world maps. It is most commonly used in interrupted form. It is a combination of Mollweide (or homolographic) and sinusoidal projections, hence the name homolosine.

Why is the Robinson map the best map?

The Robinson projection is unique. Its primary purpose is to create visually appealing maps of the entire world. It is a compromise projection, it does not eliminate any type of distortion, but it keeps the levels of all types of distortion relatively low over most of the map.

What are the disadvantages of a Robinson map?

List of the Disadvantages of the Robinson Projection

  • Distortions exist on the edges of the map. …
  • It offers limited benefits for navigation. …
  • The Robinson projection is not equidistant. …
  • It does not provide azimuthal support. …
  • The projection suffers from compression in severe ways.

What projection would be best for a map of the South Pole and Antarctica?

A better projection is the polar stereographic projection (EPSG:3031 for the South Pole) which shows the pole in the middle. Distortions get larger the farther you get away from the pole, but below 60° they are not that bad.

What project map creates maps that are most distorted near the poles?

Mercator projections are famous for their distortion in area that makes landmasses at the poles appear oversized. … Gall-Peters. Map created by a geographer to show the relative sizes of the earth’s continents accurately (equal area). However, it distorts shape, so it is not conformal.

What map projection has the least distortion?

The only ‘projection’ which has all features with no distortion is a globe. 1° x 1° latitude and longitude is almost a square, while the same ‘block’ near the poles is almost a triangle. There is no one perfect projection and a map maker must choose the one which best suits their needs.

What is conic map projection?

conic projection. [ kŏn′ĭk ] A map projection in which the surface features of a globe are depicted as if projected onto a cone typically positioned so as to rest on the globe along a parallel (a line of equal latitude).

What was the first map projection?

1. Imago Mundi – 650 BCE.

Which is a common type of map projection quizlet?

What are 4 common map projections that are used in the US? Transverse Mercator, Lambert Conformal Conic, Albers Equal-Area Conic, and Lambert Equal-Area.

What are the 4 types of map distortion?

There are four main types of distortion that come from map projections: distance, direction, shape and area.

What type of projection is Lambert conformal conic?

Description. The Lambert conformal conic map projection is typically based on two standard parallels, but it can also be defined with a single standard parallel and a scale factor. It is best suited for conformal mapping of land masses extending in an east-to-west orientation at mid-latitudes.

What is a Lambert Conformal Conic projection used for?

A Lambert conformal conic projection (LCC) is a conic map projection used for aeronautical charts, portions of the State Plane Coordinate System, and many national and regional mapping systems.

What map projection is best for Nepal?

Nepal lies in UTM zone between 44 and 45. Due to greater expansion in east-west direction of Nepal, Survey Department of Nepal uses Modified UTM (MUTM) for increasing accuracy in cadastral survey. Because of this reason, MUTM is used as projection. In this projection, there are 120 zones each of 30 longitude.