What is the end result of translation in protein synthesis?

The end result of translation in protein synthesis is a newly made protein. During transcription, DNA is copied to messenger RNA (mRNA) in the…

What is the end result of translation?

The amino acid sequence is the final result of translation, and is known as a polypeptide. Polypeptides can then undergo folding to become functional proteins. All enzymes are proteins, but not all proteins go on to become enzymes, some serve other functions.

What is the end result of translation in protein synthesis quizlet?

What is the end result of Translation? One protein or a long chain of amino acids.

What is the result of transcription in protein synthesis?

Explanation: Transcription results in production of RNA , it can be mRNA , rRNA and tRNA.

Is the end result of protein synthesis?

The end result of translation in protein synthesis is a newly made protein.

What happens during the translation stage of protein synthesis quizlet?

Translation is the process of converting the nucleotide sequence of an mRNA into a language that is understood by protein-making machinery and it occurs in the ribosomes of a cell.

What happens translation?

In biology, the process by which a cell makes proteins using the genetic information carried in messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA is made by copying DNA, and the information it carries tells the cell how to link amino acids together to form proteins.

What happens at the end of transcription?

RNA polymerase will keep transcribing until it gets signals to stop. The process of ending transcription is called termination, and it happens once the polymerase transcribes a sequence of DNA known as a terminator.

What is the end product of translation quizlet?

The final product of translation, and gene expression, is a protein.

What are the end products of replication transcription and translation?

Making a Protein, Part 2: Translation

Location Product(s)
Replication Nucleus 2 identical strands of DNA
Transcription Nucleus mRNA
Translation Cytoplasm Amino acid chain (protein)

What are the end products of protein synthesis?

The end product of protein synthesis is a polypetide chain. A polypeptide chain is a string of amino acids connected together by the amide bonds which…

What occurs during the phase of protein synthesis called translation?

Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. … Translation occurs at the ribosome, which consists of rRNA and proteins. In translation, the instructions in mRNA are read, and tRNA brings the correct sequence of amino acids to the ribosome.

What is translation in protein synthesis quizlet?

Translation-How. Occurs using the genetic code to help translate the mRNA language to the language of proteins. tRNA. Carries the amino acids, matches up with the appropriate mRNA codon, building a protein. Step 1 of Protein Synthesis.

What is translation and how does it relate to protein synthesis?

Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). … Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins.

Where is translation accomplished?

Translation takes place on ribosomes—complex particles in the cell that contain RNA and protein. In prokaryotes (organisms that lack a nucleus) the ribosomes are loaded onto the mRNA while transcription is still ongoing.

Why is the word translation used for protein production?

Why is the word “translation” used for protein production? … There are more than four kinds of amino acids in proteins. Each kind of amino acid must be coded for in mRNA. Thus, a short sequence of mRNA bases called a(n) ____________ is used to code for each amino acid in the translation process.

What signals the end of transcription?

The end of transcription, called termination, is signaled by a terminator. A terminator is a nucleotide sequence that signals the end of a gene and…

What is termination in translation?

Translation termination occurs when the ribosome encounters a stop codon (UAG, UAA, or UGA) in the A site. Stop codons in bacteria are recognized by RF1 and RF2: RF1 recognizes UAG and UAA codons, whereas RF2 recognizes UGA and UAA.

What is the final product of translation what is made in translation )? *?

What is the end product of translation? Polypeptide chain to make a protein.

What happens at the 5 end quizlet?

What happens at the 5′ end of the primary transcript in RNA processing? it receives a 5′ cap, where a form of guanine modified to have 3 phosphates on it is added after the first 20-40 nucleotides.

What is the final product of an expressed gene?

The final product of gene expression is protein.

When genes are “expressed” they are transcribed to mRNA and translated to protein.

What phase does translation occur?

Translation, the process in which a ribosome ‘converts’ the sequence of an mRNA into a polypeptide, occurs through the phases of initiation, elongation and termination.

What is produced in translation?

The molecule that results from translation is protein — or more precisely, translation produces short sequences of amino acids called peptides that get stitched together and become proteins. During translation, little protein factories called ribosomes read the messenger RNA sequences.

What happens during transcription and translation?

Transcription takes place in the nucleus. It uses DNA as a template to make an RNA molecule. RNA then leaves the nucleus and goes to a ribosome in the cytoplasm, where translation occurs. Translation reads the genetic code in mRNA and makes a protein.

What is the end of protein called?

At one end, the polypeptide has a free amino group, and this end is called the amino terminus (or N-terminus). The other end, which has a free carboxyl group, is known as the carboxyl terminus (or C-terminus).

What are the ends of a protein called and what is found at each end?

The two ends of each polypeptide chain are known as the amino terminus (N-terminus) and the carboxyl terminus (C-terminus). Twenty different amino acids can be used multiple times in the same polypeptide to create a specific primary protein structure sequence.

Which is the end product of protein metabolism?

Amino Acids are the end Product of Protein metabolism in humans.

What is being translated during translation?

In translation, messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded in a ribosome, outside the nucleus, to produce a specific amino acid chain, or polypeptide. The polypeptide later folds into an active protein and performs its functions in the cell.

What happens to the mRNA after translation?

Once mRNAs enter the cytoplasm, they are translated, stored for later translation, or degraded. mRNAs that are initially translated may later be temporarily translationally repressed. All mRNAs are ultimately degraded at a defined rate.

What happens to the small and large ribosomal subunits at the end of translation?

The large ribosomal subunit joins the small subunit, and a second tRNA is recruited. As the mRNA moves relative to the ribosome, the polypeptide chain is formed. Entry of a release factor into the A site terminates translation and the components dissociate.

What is the result of transcription in protein synthesis quizlet?

what is the end result of transcription? DNA is converted to a strand of mRNA to be translated in the ribosome.

What is translation in protein synthesis simple definition?


Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.

Where are proteins synthesized during translation quizlet?

Ribosomes are the place where Protein Synthesis takes place. 2. In the Ribosome, the mRNA, tRNA, and Amino Acids meet to form a Protein.