What happened to colonists who broke the law?

What were the 4 punishments for the Intolerable Acts?

The four acts were (1) the Boston Port Bill, which closed Boston Harbor, (2) the Massachusetts Government Act, which replaced the elective local government with an appointive one and increased the powers of the military governor, (3) the Administration of Justice Act, which allowed British officials charged with …

How did the colonists respond to the Intolerable Acts?

The Intolerable Acts were aimed at isolating Boston, the seat of the most radical anti-British sentiment, from the other colonies. Colonists responded to the Intolerable Acts with a show of unity, convening the First Continental Congress to discuss and negotiate a unified approach to the British.

What happened after the Intolerable Acts?

Congress endorses a proposal asking for recognition of American rights, the ending of the Intolerable Acts in exchange for a cease fire. George III rejected the proposal and on 23 August 1775 declared the colonies to be in open rebellion.

What rights did colonists feel when violated?

With the French and Indian War over, many colonists saw no need for soldiers to be stationed in the colonies. Britain also needed money to pay for its war debts. The King and Parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies. … They protested, saying that these taxes violated their rights as British citizens.

What were the 5 acts?

The Intolerable Acts

  • The Intolerable Acts.
  • Boston Port Act.
  • Administration of Justice Act.
  • Massachusetts Government Act.
  • Quartering Act.
  • Quebec Act.

Why were the colonists opposed to the Intolerable Acts?

Many colonists saw the Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) as a violation of their constitutional rights, their natural rights, and their colonial charters. They, therefore, viewed the acts as a threat to the liberties of all of British America, not just Massachusetts.

How did the colonists react to the Quebec Act?

People in those British colonies responded to the Quebec Act with fear and paranoia. Driven by fundamentalist religious views and a rabid fear of Catholicism and the French, they believed that London was ushering forth this spectre on the colonies out of spite.

How did the colonists react to the Boston Massacre?

The incident fueled the anger of colonists like Samuel Adams and Paul Revere. They used the massacre as propaganda, recreating a Henry Pelham painting and distributing copies all over the Boston area in order to incite the public. Revere in such a way as to cast the British in a more negative light.

How did the colonists react to Lexington and Concord?

How did the colonists react to Lexington and Concord? The colonists were proud of the courage shown by the minutemen. How did the colonists prove they were equal to the British army? The colonists stood up to the British at Lexington and Concord.

What happened after Boston Tea Party?

What happened after the Tea Party? Boston Harbor was shut down. For weeks after the Boston Tea Party, the 92,000 pounds of tea dumped into the harbor caused it to smell. As a result of the Boston Tea Party, the British shut down Boston Harbor until all of the 340 chests of British East India Company tea were paid for.

What happened to King George after the American Revolution?

Ten years after mental illness forced him to retire from public life, King George III, the British king who lost the American colonies, dies at the age of 81. In 1760, 20-year-old George succeeded his grandfather, George II, as king of Great Britain and Ireland.

What was happening in the 1770s?

The Boston Massacre was a deadly riot that occurred on March 5, 1770, on King Street in Boston. It began as a street brawl between American colonists and a lone British soldier, but quickly escalated to a chaotic, bloody slaughter.

Why did the colonists believe they were justified in breaking away from British rule?

American colonies were justified for waging war and breaking away from Britain because they were defending themselves against a series of measures Parliament wished to impose on their communities without their consent. In June 1767, Parliament imposed more taxes on the colonies by passing the Townshend Act.

What was the lawmaking body of the colonies called?

In April, 1619, Governor George Yeardley arrived in Virginia from England and announced that the Virginia Company had voted to abolish martial law and create a legislative assembly, known as the General Assembly — the first legislative assembly in the American colonies.

What six rights were the colonists fighting for?

Among the natural rights of the Colonists are these: First, a right to life, Secondly, to liberty, Thirdly, to property, together with the right to support and defend them in the best manner they can.

Who was in Sons of Liberty?

The members of this group were Samuel Adams, Joseph Warren, Paul Revere, Benedict Arnold, Benjamin Edes, John Hancock, Patrick Henry, John Lamb, William Mackay, Alexander McDougall, James Otis, Benjamin Rush, Isaac Sears, Haym Solomon, James Swan, Charles Thomson, Thomas Young, Marinus Willett, and Oliver Wolcott.

Who was the Sugar Act?

Sugar Act, also called Plantation Act or Revenue Act, (1764), in U.S. colonial history, British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies and at providing increased revenues to fund enlarged British Empire responsibilities following the French and Indian …

Who created salutary neglect?

Salutary neglect was Britain’s unofficial policy, initiated by prime minister Robert Walpole, to relax the enforcement of strict regulations, particularly trade laws, imposed on the American colonies late in the seventeenth and early in the eighteenth centuries.

Why was closing the Boston Harbor a problem for the colonists?

The colonists did not view the Boston Port Act as just Boston’s problem. They believed that all the colonies had to unite against taxation or they would lose their rights one by one until they were all gone and they had been reduced to slaves.

How did the Coercive Acts backfire against the British?

The citizens of Boston viewed the Coercive Acts as unnecessary and cruel punishment that inflamed outrage against Britain even further. Great Britain hoped that the Coercive Acts would isolate radicals in Massachusetts and cause American colonists to concede the authority of Parliament over their elected assemblies.

What did writs of assistance violate?

Despite the assertion by the Massachusetts supreme court that the writs of assistance were within legal limits, most English authorities agreed that the writs violated the Constitution. Colonists and Many British observers were outraged at the blatant neglect of what had been traditionally considered British liberties.

How did the Quebec Act end?

Quebec Act repealed loyalty oath, established religious freedoms. After the war ended with a decisive victory for the British and the defeat of France and Spain, France ceded Quebec and all its claims to the Ohio River Valley to the British Empire.

Why did the colonists fear the Quebec Act?

Why did the colonies fear the Quebec Act? The colonists feared the Quebec act because it furthered the British settlements as far as the Ohio river, thus giving them more territory and because of the rising possibility of religious oppression.

What happened after the Quebec Act?

Soon after, the British took control of Quebec (see also The Conquest of New France.) The Quebec Act of 1774 was passed to gain the loyalty of the French who lived in the Province of Quebec. The Act had serious consequences for Britain’s North American empire.

The Quebec Act, 1774 (Plain-Language Summary)

Article by The Canadian Encyclopedia
Updated by Fred Glover

How many colonists were killed in the Boston Massacre?

On March 5, 1770, a crowd confronted eight British soldiers in the streets of the city. As the mob insulted and threatened them, the soldiers fired their muskets, killing five colonists.

What happened at the end of the Boston Massacre?

Eight soldiers, one officer, and four civilians were arrested and charged with murder, and they were defended by future U.S. President John Adams. Six of the soldiers were acquitted, the other two were convicted of manslaughter and given reduced sentences.

How did the colonists react to the Boston Massacre quizlet?

The colonists were throwing rocks at them because they were mad at them. So then they fired at them and killed five of them because one of the Redcoats got hurt. They responded to it by using propaganda and stronger boycotts. You just studied 8 terms!

How many colonists died in the Battle of Lexington and Concord?

The Battles of Lexington and Concord took a toll on both sides. For the colonists, 49 were killed, 39 were wounded, and five were missing. For the British, 73 were killed, 174 were wounded, and 26 were missing.

What happened at the end of the Battle of Lexington and Concord?

The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.

Battles of Lexington and Concord.

Date April 19, 1775
Result American victory British forces succeed in destroying cannon and supplies in Concord Militia successfully drive British back to Boston Start of the American Revolutionary War

What happened with Lexington and Concord?

American victory. The British marched into Lexington and Concord intending to suppress the possibility of rebellion by seizing weapons from the colonists. Instead, their actions sparked the first battle of the Revolutionary War.

How did Minutemen get their name?

Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently formed militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies, comprising the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War. They were known for being ready at a minute’s notice, hence the name.

Why did the colonists dress up as Mohawks?

The disguise was mostly symbolic in nature, they knew they would be recognized as non-Indians. The act of wearing “Indian dress” was to express to the world that the American colonists identified themselves as “Americans” and no longer considered themselves British subjects.

What caused the Boston Tea Party to Britain?

The Boston Tea Party pushed Britain’s Parliament to assert its authority—and it passed the Intolerable Acts in 1774.

Why did the colonists not like King George?

They had to pay high taxes to the king. They felt that they were paying taxes to a government where they had no representation. They were also angry because the colonists were forced to let British soldiers sleep and eat in their homes.

What did King George do to the colonists?

In 1773, when the colonists of Massachusetts staged the Boston Tea Party in Boston Harbor, Parliament, with the king’s approval, hit the colony with the Coercive Acts (called the Intolerable Acts in America), which closed Boston Harbor and stripped Massachusetts of its ancient charter.

What made King George 3 mad?

He was mentally unfit to rule in the last decade of his reign, his eldest son – the later George IV – acted as Prince Regent from 1811. Some medical historians have said that George III’s mental instability was caused by a hereditary physical disorder called porphyria.

What happened the year of 1772?

Attack on the “Gaspee.” After several boatloads of men attacked a grounded British customs schooner near Providence, Rhode Island, the royal governor offered a reward for the discovery of the men, planning to send them to England for trial. The removal of the “Gaspee” trial to England outraged American colonists.

What happened December 16th 1773?

This Day in History: December 16

On this day in 1773, in what is known as the Boston Tea Party, American colonists disguised as Mohawk Indians threw 342 chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company into Boston Harbor to protest a tax on tea.

What happened in 1772 during the American Revolution?

In June 1772, American patriots, including John Brown, burned a British warship that had been vigorously enforcing unpopular trade regulations in what became known as the Gaspee Affair. The affair was investigated for possible treason, but no action was taken.

Why were the colonists right to rebel against Britain?

WHY DID THE COLONISTS REVOLT? The people who had settled in North America valued personal freedom. Many of them had left Europe because of their strong religious or political views. They protested when the British government imposed taxes on them without consulting the local governing bodies of the colonies.

Why were the colonists not justified?

The colonists were not justified to going to war to break away from Britain because England was paying more taxes and the mother country deserved absolute respect, however, the colonists were justified to break away from Britain because they were taxed without representation.

Do you think the colonists were justified in their decision to break free from British rule and establish their own country why or why not?

The colonies were morally justified in declaring independence because many of the things Great Britain did toward the colonies. Great Britain passed many acts and laws that were not always fair for the colonists. Most the acts and laws were against the colonists rights and they were a corrupt government.