Aspen are medium-sized deciduous trees, commonly 20 to 80 feet in height, and 3 to 18 inches diameter. Trees more than 80 feet tall and larger than 24 inches diameter are occasionally found. Their bark is smooth, greenish-white, yellowish-white, yellowish-gray, or gray to almost white in color.
How do I identify an aspen tree?
How to identify aspen trees
- Height: Up to 20 metres.
- Tree shape: Slender, spreading.
- Bark: Smooth, grey with horizontal lines.
- Leaves: Nearly round, wavy edges, a little paler on underside, trembles in any breeze, vary in size from 2.5cm to 6cm across, leaves are more heart-shaped on sucker shoots.
How can you tell the difference between a birch and aspen?
Birch are famous for having bark that peels back like paper, aspen bark does not peel. Whereas aspen leaves are perfectly flat, birch leaves are slightly “V” shaped and more elongated than Quaking Aspen leaves.
Where do aspen trees grow?
Quaking aspens are the most widely distributed tree species in North America. They grow in Alaska and Canada, all the way south to Mexico. They withstand such a wide range of climatic conditions by growing at lower altitudes in the north and higher altitudes in the south.
What is the difference between a poplar and an aspen tree?
Quaking aspen has smaller heart-shaped to circular (orbicular) leaves with fine (serrate) teeth on the edges. Balsam poplar leaves are quite variable across its range but in general they are egg-shaped (ovate) or more narrowly spear-shaped (lanceolate) with very small teeth along the leaf margin.
Are aspen trees conifers?
Among swaths of dark green conifers, the deciduous aspen stands thrive in a variety of environments. Aspens quickly colonize recently burned or bare areas to establish a stand of young trees given the proper conditions. They prefer moist soil but can survive near springs in desert conditions.
Is there a difference between aspen and quaking aspen?
Bigtooth aspen can reach heights of 60 to 80 feet, while the quaking aspen is typically closer to 50 feet. Even the root systems differ, bigtooth aspen roots are shallow and spreading, while quaking aspen roots can extend downward over 10 feet.
Is aspen a hardwood?
Although aspen is a hardwood species, it is offered by the majority of softwood manufacturers. Aspen has creamy white sapwood with heartwood that changes from brown to greyish white without any visible transition. In terms of texture, its grain is fine with diffuse pores.
What is the difference between aspen and cottonwood?
As nouns the difference between cottonwood and aspen
is that cottonwood is a tree from one of number of species of tree in the genus populus (poplars), typically growing along watercourses, with fluffy catkins while aspen is a kind of poplar tree (genus ).
Are aspen and poplar trees related?
poplar, (genus Populus), genus of some 35 species of trees in the willow family (Salicaceae), native to the Northern Hemisphere. The poplar species native to North America are divided into three loose groups: the cottonwoods, the aspens, and the balsam poplars.
Should I plant aspen trees in my yard?
Aspen are quite beautiful and grow quickly. On the other hand, they can be extremely invasive. As you may know, aspen can reproduce through suckers – seedlings that form from the roots of the parent tree. … I would not recommend planting an aspen in your yard.
What do aspen trees symbolize?
Since times of old, the Aspen was seen as a tree of HEROES. “Aspis” is the Greek name for Aspen. It means “shield.” The Greeks thought it had magical powers and protective qualities. Its leaves were used in the crowns of heroes.
Are aspen trees poisonous?
Populus tremuloides – Michx. Possible toxic effects due to salicylates (e.g. heartburn, tinnitus). Avoid with ulcers, stomach or peptic ulcers .
What is another name for aspen tree?
Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen. It is commonly called quaking aspen, trembling aspen, American aspen, mountain or golden aspen, trembling poplar, white poplar, and popple, as well as others.
Is aspen the same as pine?
Aspen is an abundant, blond, and splinter-free wood. Aspen wood is a popular wood that is mostly used for stuffing, packing, furniture making, paneling and is also used as a source for the pulping industry as well.
Is Aspen Harder Than Pine?
|Aspen Wood||420 lbf|
|White Pine||380 lbf|
|Sugar Pine||380 lbf|
Where are aspens native?
Aspen trees are all native to cold regions with cool summers, in the north of the northern hemisphere, extending south at high-altitude areas such as mountains or high plains.
How fast does an aspen tree grow?
This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24″ per year.
What had happened to the aspen trees?
Why are so many trees dying now? Most of the aspen forests in Colorado developed after a stand-replacing disturbance such as fire. The root systems of aspens usually survive fires, sending up thousands of new stems (suckers) to regenerate the forest.
Why are aspen trees white?
The accumulated layer of bark cells on the surface of aspen trees do not stick together and do not form a solid mass of protective tissue. … Younger cork cells tend to be orange in color whereas older cork cells are white and give aspens their ghostly appearance.
Is balsam poplar and aspen?
Trembling Aspen is a hardy, fast-growing tree. … Balsam Poplar is a hardy, fast-growing deciduous tree that is Native to Canada east of the Rockies. We grow them in two variations. Sometimes they are a male clones, so they don’t produce fluff.
What can I plant instead of aspen?
Instead of Aspens, Plant These 7 Trees for Fall Color
- Narrowleaf Cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) …
- Canada Red Cherry (Prunus virginiana) …
- Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) …
- Mountain Ash (Sorbus aucuparia) ‘Black Hawk’ …
- Gambel Oak or Scrub Oak (Quercus gambelii)
Is aspen wood good for anything?
The light-colored aspen is frequently used to make cheese containers and baskets and all kinds of crates and boxes. It is an excellent wood for excelsior – wood wool – and for pulp and paper making. It is also used to make brake blocks and for furniture parts and interiors.
Can you burn aspen wood?
It’s not the best of choice for firewood but if you can buy it cheap or get it free you might as well burn it. … Quaking aspen can make decent campfire wood and is often straight grained and easy to split. It’s low density makes it easy to ignite so it can make good kindling.
Is aspen rot resistant?
Both the heartwood and sapwood of aspen have little natural decay resistance. Because of this, aspen wood must be treated prior to use in applications where conditions are favorable for decay.
Is aspen similar to poplar?
An Aspen tree belongs to the family of Poplar. Aspen is generally used for making matches and paper because of its low inflammability. Shredded aspen wood is also used for packing and making wood wool.
Do aspen trees shed cotton?
These flowers are produced in the early spring before the leaves grow on the trees. Aspen is dioecious, with male and female flowers normally borne on separate trees. The catkins produce small fruit that split to release lots of tiny, cottony seeds that are dispersed by the wind.
What does a poplar look like?
Poplar (Populus) trees are large deciduous trees with rounded to triangular leaves, attractive grayish bark, and small clusters of drooping flowers. Many poplar trees are identified by their bark’s color—white, gray, or black—and triangular, ovate leaves.
What is the best time of year to plant an aspen tree?
The best time is spring, after the chance of frost is passed. If you live in a warm area in a hardiness zone higher than zone 7, you should transplant aspens in early spring. An aspen seedling transplant in spring gives the young aspen ample time to establish a healthy root system.
Are aspen trees good?
Some gardeners love them, some do not. Aspen trees grow very quickly and are very hardy. That means that you can “furnish” a new backyard in just a few seasons if you plant aspens. Aspens are small and won’t overwhelm your yard, and sometimes they provide nice autumn color.
Are aspen tree roots invasive?
Growing up to 50 feet tall with a 25 foot spread, Aspen trees produce root systems that grow well past their drip lines in search of nutrients, oxygen and moisture. … Any pieces that fall to the ground can potentially root and propagate the tree in an undesired location.
What does the name aspen mean for a girl?
The name Aspen is primarily a gender-neutral name of American origin that means Quaking Tree. From the old English aespe or aepse, which means “shaking poplar tree.” Aspen is a city in Colorado known for its skiing.
Is aspen a plant?
aspen, any of three trees of the genus Populus, belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae), native to the Northern Hemisphere and known for the fluttering of leaves in the slightest breeze. Aspens grow farther north and higher up the mountains than other Populus species.
Can you eat aspen leaves?
In spring leaves and buds are edible as well. Other deciduous trees that are edible (inner cambium, spring leaves, catkins) include aspen, beech, maple and willow (although eating a lot of the willow bark or catkins is not recommended because it contains salicin.
How close can I plant an aspen tree to my house?
An open area is best for aspen. However, as the trunk is thin and somewhat brittle, wind damage may be a problem. Consider planting your trees near a tall fence as a backdrop or on the north or east side of your house. If planting near the house, position the tree at least 10 to 20 feet away from the wall.
Is aspen bark edible?
You can eat the inner bark and cambium but it is best in the spring. It can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a flour. For those who have used it, they say that this flour is normally mixed with other flours for making bread. It also can be used as a thickener for soups.
How do you get rid of an aspen tree in your yard?
The only way to kill an aspen clone is to inject an herbicide directly into the trunk and roots that sustain it. Herbicides like Roundup or Brush Killer can spread through the root system, killing the tree. Choose a concentrated mix rather than a granular herbicide.
What kind of trees are aspens?
Aspen trees are medium-sized deciduous trees with rough gray-white bark and large round leaves with toothed margins. The quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) and bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata) are the most common aspen trees in North America.
At what altitude do aspen trees grow?
Aspen is another of Colorado’s extensive forest types, covering 5 million acres or 20 percent of the state’s forested land. Aspen, known as quaking aspen, are Colorado’s only widespread, native, deciduous tree and can be found from 6,500 to 11,500 feet in elevation, particularly on the West Slope.
Is the Aspen tree largest living organism?
What is the LARGEST Living Organism on the Planet? … A stand of quaking aspen, populus tremuloides, is really only one huge organism. Aspens have large systems of roots that remain hidden underground until there is enough sunlight for the roots to sprout through asex- ual reproduction.
Why do aspens turn red?
Why Do Aspens Turn Red? Red is the most rare, and it is created by anthocyanins. These are generated by sugars that get locked into the leaves in the fall. You may notice that certain groves of aspens will turn red year after year, and that others will never turn red.
Are aspen trees a fungus?
Aspen trunk rot is a fungal disease that causes stem decay heart rot of living aspen trees. The pathogen that causes this disease is the fungus Phellinus tremulae. Most of the symptoms of this disease are internal, with the only external signs of a diseased aspen being fruiting bodies called conks.