What bacteria causes periodontitis?

The bacteria associated with periodontal diseases are predominantly



Gram-negative bacteria have been documented as the most common cause of bacteremia in many countries including Thailand [2-4]. Infections caused by non-fermentative gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) constitute an emerging problem in nosocomial setting, especially in an immunocompromised host.


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Epidemiology of bacteremia caused by uncommon non-fermentative …

anaerobic bacteria and may include A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, P.

What bacteria causes aggressive periodontitis?

Localized aggressive periodontitis is mainly associated with the bacteria Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans(41,42), while generalized aggressive periodontitis is strongly associated with specific bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia(43,44) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Gram- …

Is periodontitis caused by bacteria?

Periodontitis is a localized infectious disease caused by periodontopathic bacteria, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis.

What is the most common cause of periodontitis?

Periodontitis is common but largely preventable. It’s usually the result of poor oral hygiene. Brushing at least twice a day, flossing daily and getting regular dental checkups can greatly improve your chances of successful treatment for periodontitis and can also reduce your chance of developing it.

What antibiotics are used for periodontal disease?

Oral Antibiotics

Tetracycline antibiotics – Antibiotics which include tetracycline hydrochloride, doxycycline, and minocycline are the primary drugs used in periodontal treatment. They have antibacterial properties, reduce inflammation and block collagenase (a protein which destroys the connective tissue).

What antibiotic is used for aggressive periodontitis?

Doxycycline in the Treatment of Aggressive Periodontitis

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Aggressive Periodontitis Drug: amoxicillin plus metronidazole Drug: Doxycycline Phase 1 Phase 2

What are teeth bacteria?

What is plaque? Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth. Bacteria in plaque produce acids after you eat or drink. These acids can destroy tooth enamel and cause cavities and gingivitis (gum disease).

Can periodontitis be reversed?

Periodontitis can’t be reversed, only slowed down, while gingivitis can be reversed. This is why it’s important to catch it in its early stages and prevent it from moving on to periodontitis. Below are some ways you can reverse gingivitis so it doesn’t progress into something more serious.

What are some of the early warning signs of periodontal disease?

Some early warning signs of periodontal disease include:

  • Receding gums.
  • Pain in the mouth.
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing.
  • Tender, swollen, or red gums.
  • Separating teeth.
  • Loose teeth.
  • Bad breath.
  • Bite changes.

How long does periodontitis take to develop?

Slight Periodontal Disease

During the early gingivitis stages, gum inflammation can occur in as little as five days. Within two to three weeks, the signs of generalized gingivitis become more noticeable. If you still leave this untreated, it would progress to slight periodontal disease.

How do you treat a bacterial gum infection?

Gum Infection Treatments

  1. Antibiotic Therapy: Just as you’d expect with any type of infection, antibiotics are often used to treat gum infection. …
  2. Root Planing and Scaling Treatment: This advanced gum infection treatment cleans deeply between your gums and teeth—all the way to the roots.

Can antibiotics cure periodontitis?

However, like many types of infection, periodontal disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics. Whether used in combination with deep dental cleaning treatments or procedures like oral surgery, or used alone, antibiotics have been shown to relieve a variety of conditions, including: Acute periodontal infection.

Will amoxicillin help periodontitis?

The combination of amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium makes the antibiotic resistant to penicillinase enzymes produced by some bacteria. It has been found to be useful in the management of localized form of aggressive periodontitis,[11] and also to arrest alveolar bone loss.

What kind of medicine is the most effective for chronic adult periodontitis?

Minocycline appears to be the most effective antibiotic, which achieves levels that should be completely inhibitory (antibiotic activity = 600%) to most of the periodontal pathogens but may inhibit the growth of beneficial species as well. [10] Amoxicillin appears almost as effective as minocycline.

Why Metronidazole is used in periodontitis?

Metronidazole offers the periodontist (therapist) the benefits of a high degree of efficacy and relatively few and/or mild adverse side effects. Also it is an antibiotic to which susceptible anaerobes have yet to develop clinical resistance.

How much doxycycline should I take for periodontal disease?

Sub-antimicrobial dose of doxycycline is 20 mg dose of the antibiotic applied twice daily in the treatment of periodontal disease. It is believed that a dose of 20 mg provides quite effective inhibition of enzymes, cytokines and osteoclasts than any antibiotic that would be applied in full or normal dose.

How do you know if you have a bacterial infection in your mouth?

What are the Symptoms?

  1. Recurring bad breath.
  2. Bleeding or sore gums.
  3. Tooth, gum, or jaw pain.
  4. Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold foods.
  5. Swelling of the gums, jaw, or lymph nodes.
  6. Loose teeth.
  7. Sores in the mouth, gums, or lips.

What bacteria are commonly found in the mouth?

Some bacteria like Streptococcus, Granulicatella, Gemella, and Veillonella are amongst the predominant microorganisms of the oral cavity, however, the majority of bacteria are explicit to certain sites.

What causes excess bacteria in mouth?

Cavities and other damage are the result of a long process that begins with bacteria living in a thin biofilm on tooth surfaces known as plaque. These bacteria thrive on sugars from leftover food in your mouth and then produce acid as a waste product.

Is it too late to save my gums?

Gum disease is preventable, especially when it is diagnosed in its earliest stages. Even for those people with advanced gum disease, it is never too late to seek diagnosis and restorative treatment.

What does periodontal pain feel like?

They cause a dull, gnawing, localized pain but are not painful to percussion. The discomfort ranges from low intensity aches to severe acute pain. Periodontal abscesses may be tender to lateral periodontal pressure and the pain in the tooth adjacent to the injury usually worsens with chewing.

What helps gums grow back?

While your gums won’t grow back on their own, surgical treatment can be used to replace the missing tissue, and restore both your appearance and your oral health. Gum grafting involves taking soft tissue from another part of the mouth and grafting it onto your gums.

What are the 4 stages of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is broken up into four separate stages: gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.

Does periodontal disease show on xray?

Taking x-rays is part of the periodontal disease diagnosis process. When your dentist is evaluating your gum health, they use x-rays to check how much jawbone you have surrounding each tooth. Since the bone is what keeps your teeth secure, bone loss is an indication of periodontitis, which is a serious oral infection.

What is aggressive periodontitis?

Aggressive periodontitis is a destructive disease characterized by the following: the involvement of multiple teeth with a distinctive pattern of periodontal tissue loss, a high rate of disease progression, an early age of onset, and the absence of systemic diseases.

Can you live with periodontitis?

Living with periodontal disease can cause aesthetic complications and bone loss of a serious nature. Unlike other injuries, periodontal disease does not cause any pain. It is a silent disease when the teeth gum becomes inflamed and bleeds.

What is the first stage of periodontal disease?

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. At this stage, there is usually no pain or symptoms, which makes gingivitis hard to spot unless you’re frequently visiting your dentist. Some symptoms of gingivitis may be: Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing.

What causes sudden periodontitis?

Causes. Necrotizing periodontal disease is caused by a mixed bacterial infection that includes anaerobes such as P. intermedia and Fusobacterium as well as spirochetes, such as Treponema. ANUG may also be associated with diseases in which the immune system is compromised, including HIV/AIDS.

What is the strongest antibiotic for bacterial infection?

Vancomycin, long considered a “drug of last resort,” kills by preventing bacteria from building cell walls. It binds to wall-building protein fragments called peptides, in particular those that end with two copies of the amino acid D-alanine (D-ala). But bacteria have evolved.

What is the best antibiotic for gum infection?

Your dentist will want to choose an antibiotic that can effectively eliminate your infection. Antibiotics of the penicillin class, such as penicillin and amoxicillin, are most commonly used to help treat tooth infections.

What is the fastest way to heal a gum infection?

An affordable yet effective way of treating gum infection is swishing a solution of baking soda in water with a pinch of salt. Using this solution thrice a day can reduce plaque and gum infection. You can always visit the dentist, and home remedies might not always be successful but can reduce gum infection chances.

How is aggressive periodontitis treated?

If you have advanced periodontitis, treatment may require dental surgery, such as:

  1. Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery). …
  2. Soft tissue grafts. …
  3. Bone grafting. …
  4. Guided tissue regeneration. …
  5. Tissue-stimulating proteins.

Is ciprofloxacin stronger than amoxicillin?

A recent report in the Journal of the American Medical Association has shown that ciprofloxacin (Cipro) more effectively treats bladder infections than amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin). Researchers randomly assigned 370 women with cystitis to receive a 3-day course of either Cipro or Augmentin.

How do dentist treat periodontal disease?

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling: Your dentist or hygienist removes plaque and tartar down to the bottom of each periodontal pocket. Root Planing: Then, the root surfaces of your teeth are smoothed, or “planed”, to allow the gum tissue to heal and reattach to the teeth.

Can cephalexin treat gum infection?

Cephalexin can be effective for treating dental abscesses and gum infections. Along with tooth infections, cephalexin is sometimes used to treat skin infections and urinary tract infections, and after surgery.

Can gum disease make you sick?

In the early stage of gum disease—called gingivitis—signs such as bleeding gums and slight gum recession are ignored. However, if not addressed in the early stages, it is possible to experience swollen gums that are constantly tender, chills, fever, and a runny nose.

Why have I been prescribed metronidazole and amoxicillin?

A combination of metronidazole (MET) and amoxicillin (AMX) is commonly used as adjunct to mechanical therapy of periodontal disease. The use of broad spectrum antibiotics such as AMX may contribute to development of antibiotic resistance.

How can you tell the difference between chronic and aggressive periodontitis?

In chronic periodontitis, there is no well-defined pattern of bone loss. In generalized aggressive periodontitis, most permanent teeth are affected. In localized aggressive periodontitis, there is no agreement on the number of teeth included, but in one case series, about three to six teeth were included.

What does chronic periodontitis look like?

Common symptoms of chronic periodontitis include: Gum redness or bleeding when brushing the teeth, flossing or eating hard food. Reoccurring gum swelling. Halitosis, bad breath or a persistent metallic taste.