The groin is the fold where the bottom of the abdomen meets the inner thighs. The inguinal ligament connects the oblique muscles in the abdomen to the pelvis.
What muscles attach to the inguinal ligament?
|Attachments||Anterior superior iliac spine, public tubercle|
|Extensions||Lacunar ligament, pectineal ligament|
|Function||Attach external oblique muscle to the pelvis, protect structure passing between the pelvis and thigh/external genitalia, forms boundary of femoral triangle and inguinal canal|
What bones connect to inguinal ligament?
Structure. The inguinal ligament runs from the anterior superior iliac crest of the ilium to the pubic tubercle of the pubic bone.
What structures passes under the inguinal ligament?
The following structures pass behind the inguinal ligament , Psoas major, iliacus, and pectineus. Femoral nerve, artery, and vein at the midinguinal point.
What does the inguinal ligament contain?
The superior surface of the inguinal ligament is grooved and forms the floor of the inguinal canal and contains the ilioinguinal nerve and the spermatic cord in males and round ligament in females. The inguinal ligament attaches below to the fascia lata which is the deep fascia of the thigh.
What is the inguinal groove?
Both ASIS and pubic tubercle are easily palpable landmarks of pelvic bones, especially in the lean and physically fit. The very strong inguinal ligament spans these two bony points. The ligament is overlaid by a skin crease, the inguinal groove, the site where torso meets thigh.
Where do you get aponeurosis?
Aponeuroses are connective tissues found on the surface of pennate muscles and are in close association with muscle fascicles. In addition to transmitting muscle forces to the external tendon, aponeurosis has been hypothesized to influence the direction of muscle shape change during a contraction.
How do you get a deep inguinal ring?
The deep or internal ring is located just above the midpoint of the inguinal ligament and lateral to the epigastric vessels. The deep ring is formed by the transversalis fascia which provides the posterior covering of the contents of the inguinal ring.
What name change occurs deep to the inguinal ligament?
The femoral artery is a continuation of the external iliac artery (name changes as it passes deep to the inguinal ligament). The femoral artery is found at the midpoint of the inguinal ligament. The femoral pulse is palpable at this midinguinal point.
What passes through inguinal canal?
The contents of the inguinal canal in males consist of the spermatic cord (with the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve) and the ilioinguinal nerve. For females, the contents include the round ligament, genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve, and the ilioinguinal nerve.
What does the inguinal canal do?
The sole purpose of the inguinal canal is to provide a conduit that facilitates gonadal descent. In males, this results in the testes leaving the lumbar region of the posterior abdominal wall to enter the scrotal sac.
How is inguinal canal formed?
The inguinal canal runs obliquely between the external and internal inguinal rings. The anterior wall of the canal is formed by the external oblique aponeurosis, the posterior wall is formed by the inguinal ligament and conjoined tendon.
What is inguinal exploration?
Conclusion: Inguinal exploration is an unreliable method of investigating the impalpable testis, with an unacceptably high incidence of false-negative or inconclusive findings. Laparoscopy should be undertaken as the initial diagnostic manoeuvre of choice.
Where is the inguinal crease?
In human anatomy, the groin (the adjective is inguinal, as in inguinal canal) is the junctional area (also known as the inguinal region) between the abdomen and the thigh on either side of the pubic bone.
What is the fascia Transversalis?
The transversalis fascia is a thin layer of connective tissue lining most of the abdominal cavity between the posterior surface of the transversus abdominis and superficial to the extraperitoneal fat and peritoneum.
What muscles attach to aponeurosis?
The abdominal aponeurosis envelopes the abdominal muscles. It also provides the attachment sites for the external abdominal obliques, the internal abdominal obliques, and the transversus abdominus.
What connects muscle to bone?
A tendon is a fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone. Tendons may also attach muscles to structures such as the eyeball. A tendon serves to move the bone or structure.
What is upper neurosis?
An aponeurosis (/ˌæpənjʊəˈroʊsɪs/, plural: aponeuroses) is a type or a variant of the deep fascia, in the form of a sheet of pearly-white fibrous tissue that attaches sheet-like muscles needing a wide area of attachment.
What organs are located in the inguinal region?
These include the liver, stomach, and intestines. The groin is the area in the body where the upper thighs meet the lowest part of the abdomen. Normally, the abdomen and groin are kept separate by a wall of muscle and tissue. The only openings in the wall are small tunnels called the inguinal and femoral canals.
What is the spermatic cord?
A cord-like structure in the male reproductive system that contains nerves, blood and lymph vessels, and the vas deferens (a coiled tube that carries sperm out of the testicle). It runs from the abdomen to the testicle, and connects to the testicle in the scrotum (external sac). Also called testicular cord.
What limits the deep inguinal ring?
It is found within the aponeurosis of the external oblique, immediately above the pubic crest, 1 centimeter above and superolateral to the pubic tubercle. It has the following boundaries—medial crura by pubic crest, lateral crura by pubic tubercle and inferiorly by inguinal ligament.
What is the inguinal ligament known as in Italy?
The inguinal ligament (also known as Poupart’s ligament or the Fallopian ligament) is a fibrous band extending from the anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic tubercle.
Where does femoral artery start?
The femoral artery is the main blood vessel supplying blood to your lower body. It starts in your upper thigh, near your groin and runs down to the back of your knee. The function of the femoral artery and its branches is to supply the lower body with blood.
What is femoral ring?
The femoral ring is the superior rounded opening of the conical femoral canal. Its boundaries are: medial: lacunar ligament. anterior: medial part of the inguinal ligament. lateral: femoral vein within the intermediate compartment of the femoral sheath.
What is Cooper’s ligament inguinal?
The pectineal ligament, sometimes known as the inguinal ligament of Cooper, is an extension of the lacunar ligament. It runs on the pectineal line of the pubic bone. The pectineal ligament is the posterior border of the femoral ring.
Does vas deferens pass through inguinal canal?
The vas deferens (or ductus deferens) is a 45-cm (18-in) long tube that ascends on the posterior border of each testis, penetrates the body wall through the inguinal canal, and enters the pelvic cavity.
Which normally pass through the inguinal canals quizlet?
In men, spermatic cord passes through inguinal canal, to supply &, drain the testes. In women, round ligament of uterus traverses through the canal. -peritoneal sac enters the inguinal canal via the deep inguinal ring.
How is linea alba formed?
In humans, the linea alba runs from the xiphoid process to the pubic symphysis down the midline of the abdomen. The name means white line as it is composed mostly of collagen connective tissue, which has a white appearance. It is formed by the fusion of the aponeuroses of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall.
What causes hernia?
What Causes Hernias? Ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia, the pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth, more often, it occurs later in life.
What is the area above your groin called?
The pelvic region is the area between the trunk — or main body — and the lower extremities, or legs. The male pelvis is different from a female’s. The pelvic bones are smaller and narrower.
How do you do an inguinal orchiectomy?
Radical inguinal orchiectomy
An incision (cut) is made just above the pubic area, and the testicle is gently removed from the scrotum through the opening. The surgeon then removes the entire tumor along with the testicle and spermatic cord.
How do you get the V line in your groin?
How to get V-lines? (Best exercises to do!) – YouTube
How do you get V lines?
To develop V-cut abs, target your lower abs and obliques.
How to do it:
- Lie on your back with your arms alongside your body.
- Lift both legs straight up.
- On an exhale, slowly lower your right leg to the floor.
- Return to the starting position.
- Then do the left side.
- Do 2 to 3 sets of 12 to 20 repetitions.
What is the crease at the top of the leg called?
The gluteal sulcus (also known as the gluteal fold, fold of the buttock or horizontal gluteal crease) is an area of the body of humans and anthropoid apes, described by a horizontal crease formed by the inferior aspect of the buttocks and the posterior upper thigh.
What is thoracolumbar fascia?
The thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) is a girdling structure consisting of several aponeurotic and fascial layers that separates the paraspinal muscles from the muscles of the posterior abdominal wall.
What is Scarpa fascia?
Scarpa’s fascia is a dense collagenous connective tissue layer of the anterior abdominal wall. It is considerably thinner than Camper’s fascia.
What is the Endothoracic fascia?
The endothoracic fascia is the layer of loose connective tissue deep to the intercostal spaces and ribs, separating these structures from the underlying pleura. This fascial layer is the outermost membrane of the thoracic cavity.